Preventive Medicine is practiced by all physicians to keep their patients healthy, but is also a unique medical specialty recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS).

Preventive Medicine  focuses on the health of individuals, communities, and defined populations. Its goal is to protect, promote, and maintain health and well-being and to prevent disease, disability, and death.

This goal is accomplished using early proactive health measures, nutritional and exercise optimization, and overall, the detection and treatment of disease in early stages prior to the need of drastic measures.

Preventive medicine has three specialty areas with common core knowledge, skills, and competencies that emphasize different populations, environments, or practice settings.