hernia-types

Hernia Types

Hernias

There are a few different types of hernias, determined by location on the body. Hernias typically occur at sites of weakness, such as the umbilicus (bellybutton), the groin, previous incision sites, and other areas on the abdominal wall. However, it is possible for a hernia to occur in almost any area of the body, even internally. In most cases, you will notice a lump or bulge protruding from the area, and surgery is often necessary for treatment.

What is a hernia?hernia-types

A hernia is a breach, hole or gap in the normal barrier between the intra-abdominal organs and the tissue muscles above, called the subcutaneous tissue. A hernia is the result of exerting too much pressure on the abdominal contents, or an acquired weakness in the abdominal wall.

Types of hernias

Inguinal

The most common type. This type of hernia occurs where the skin crease (known as the inguinal crease) at the top of the thigh joins the torso.

Femoral

This type of hernia occurs in roughly the middle of the thigh, below the inguinal crease. This happens when the femoral canal (where the femoral artery, vein and abdominal cavity enter the thigh) becomes large enough to allow abdominal contents to be pushed through the canal.

Umbilical

This type of hernia is often seen in babies at birth as a lump at the bellybutton. This happens when an opening in the abdominal wall doesn’t close completely before birth. These types of hernias can appear later in life, even if the area is closed at birth. The reason is because the area remains a weaker place than the rest of the abdominal wall.

Incisional

Abdominal surgery causes a flaw in the wall that must heal on its own. A hernia could develop at this area of weakness.

Spigelian

Although rare, this type of hernia develops along the outer edge of the rectus abdominis muscle.

Epigastric

This type of hernia is located between the navel and the lower part of the rib cage in the midline of the abdomen.

Hiatal

This type of hernia is different from the others, as it occurs in the chest. Part of the stomach bulges upward and into the esophagus, causing heartburn, chest pain, and a sour taste in your mouth. There will not be any bulge for this type of hernia.

 

If you have a hernia and are interested in seeking treatment, contact NYC Surgical Associates today.

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